Artifak: Prasasti Aemilius Secundus

Prasasti Aemilius Secundus (Lapis Venetus)
Prasasti Aemilius Secundus. Sumber foto: http://www.livius.org/site/assets/files/6428/beirut_tombstone_aemilius_census_quirinius_in_apamea.jpg

 

Transkripsi prasasti tersebut disarankan oleh Livius.org sebagai berikut:1

Q(uintus) Aemilius Q(uinti) f(ilius)
Pal(atina) Secundus [in]
castris divi Aug(usti) [sub]
P(ublio) Sulpi[c]io Quirinio le[g(ato) Aug(usti)]
[Ca]esaris Syriae honori-
bus decoratus pr[a]efect(us)
cohort(is) Aug(usti) I pr[a]efect(us) cohort(is) II classicae idem
iussu Quirini censum egi
Apamenae civitatis mil-
lium homin(um) civium CXVII
idem missu Quirini adversus
Ituraeos in Libano monte
castellum eorum cepi et ante
militi<a=E>m praefect(us) fabrum
delatus a duobus co(n)s(ulibus) ad ae-
rarium et in colonia
quaestor aedil(is) II duumvir II
pontifex{s}
ibi positi sunt Q(uintus) Aemilius Q(uinti) f(ilius) Pal(atina)
Secundus f(ilius) et Aemilia Chia lib(erta)
h(oc) m(onumentum) amplius h(eredem) n(on) s(equetur)

John Argubright, penulis buku “Bible Believer’s Archaeology – Volume 2: The Search for Truth” menyarankan translasi prasasti tersebut sebagai berikut.

Quintus Aemilius Secundus, from Palatine, with honors he was decorated in the camp of the divine Augustus under Publius Sulpicius Quirinius legate of Caesar in Syria, prefect of the first Augustan cohort, prefect of the navy’s second cohort. Commanded by Quirinius to conduct a census of the district of Apamea’s 117,000 citizens; He was also sent by Quirinius to capture the fortresses of the Itureans in the mountains of Lebanon2

Hingga saat ini, saran transkripsi dan translasi ini belum mendapat tantangan yang signifikan.

Prasasti ini sering dirujuk sebagai bukti materiil mengenai sensus kedua Kirenius yang dilakukan pada tahun 6-7 Masehi dalam diskusi-diskusi mengenai Natal.


 Bibliografi

1http://www.livius.org/site/assets/files/6428/beirut_tombstone_aemilius_census_quirinius_in_apamea.jpg

2https://books.google.co.id/books?id=Dd5aAQAAQBAJ&lpg=PA7&ots=ILYVdTgBl9&dq=Inscription%20of%20Aemilius%20Secundus&hl=id&pg=PA7#v=onepage&q=Inscription%20of%20Aemilius%20Secundus&f=false

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