Dua Sensus Oleh Kirenius

Prasasti Aemilius Secundus (Lapis Venetus)
Prasasti Aemilius Secundus (Lapis Venetus)

Lukas menyebutkan 2 sensus yang dilakukan oleh Kirenius.

  1. Lukas 2:2 (sensus pertama Kirenius)
  2. Kisah 5:37 (sensus kedua Kirenius).

Sensus kedua yang dicatat oleh Lukas diperkuat dengan ditemukannya bukti materiil berupa prasasti Aimilius Secundus dan bersesuaian dengan catatan sejarah dari abad 1 Masehi yang disampaikan oleh sejarawan Yahudi sekuler bernama Josephus.

Quirinius, a Roman senator who had passed through all the other magistracies until he became consul, and one who in other respects was very distinguished, came at this time into Syria, with a few others, having been sent by Caesar to be governor of that nation and to make an assessment of their property. Coponius, a man of the equestrian order, was sent with him to have supreme authority over the Jews. Quirinius came himself to Judea, which had now been added to the province of Syria, to make an assessment of their property and to dispose of Archelaus’s estate.  Although the Jews at first took the report of a taxation angrily, they gradually left  off any further opposition to it by the persuasion of  the high priest Joazar son of Boethus. Persuaded by Joazar’s words, they gave an account of their estates without any dissent.
But there was one man,  Judas, a Gaulanite from a city named Gamala, who, taking with him Saddok, a Pharisee, became zealous to draw them to revolt. They both said that this taxation was no better than an introduction to slavery, and exhorted the nation to assert their liberty…. (Antiquities 18.1.1 1)

Sensus kedua ini berlangsung pada kisaran tahun 6-7 Masehi.

Bukti materiil ini penting dalam pembahasan kita mengenai natal, sebab semakin memperkuat laporan Lukas mengenai sensus Kirenius. Selain itu, bukti historis ini juga menolak anggapan bahwa Isa lahir tahun 6-7 Masehi.

Pada tulisan berikutnya, kita akan membahas tentang perkiraan waktu dilakukannya sensus pertama Kirenius. Hal ini berguna untuk mempersempit kisaran tahun kelahiran Isa Al-Masih. Sebab, Isa Al-Masih lahir pada kisaran waktu sensus pertama Kirenius itu berlangsung.

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